Now it is elegant: how in different countries decorate the Christmas tree
The countdown to the New Year has already begun. Today it's time to think about the main symbol of the holiday - the Christmas tree. We'll show you where originates the tradition to decorate the Christmas tree and how people decorate this green beauty in many countries of the world.
Origin of the tradition
Traditional and an essential attribute of the celebration of Christmas and New Year originated in medieval Germany. At that time we did not bring home a Christmas tree and didn't decorate it with bright toys. The one who chose to celebrate New Year in the forest decorated the tree using the pieces of clothes, candles and various improvised rather simple means. After the baptism, rites of the Germanic peoples began to acquire a different meaning, now as part of the Christian tradition, eating also became a symbol of Christmas Eve (in the Catholic world - December 24). As a "victim" of Christ, people hanged on the tree loaves and apples: the first - a symbol of communion, the latter refers to the forbidden fruit of Adam and Eve. In Russian the tradition of decorating the tree has come only in the XIX century.
Now each country has its own original style of Christmas tree ornaments. Europeans celebrate Christmas more than all. In fact, Europeans like to decorate their trees very elegant, with style and fashion. Two major holiday colors are red and green. They can be found and meet in the decoration of the house. The Germans, for example, never forget about the traditional wreath made of fir on the door, which means greeting and blessing for all guests.
Choosing the tree itself, the Germans pay attention onto the lush and beautiful trees. They prefer fairly standard decorations - balls and toys, however, there is a favorite - nutcracker. By the way, before 1900 Christmas trees around the world tried to decorate so that they literally had no free space. And only the last century brought the fashion for minimalism and a stylistic approach to the decoration of Christmas trees.
In England, the first festive Christmas tree was installed in 1841 at Windsor Castle. Now the British and the Irish are decorating the tree, guided by the rule - the brighter, the better. Their trees have fewer toys, but decorated with a lot of garlands with a variety of bright, glowing elements.
Traditions of Scandinavia
Scandinavians, especially Swedes prefer animal figurines more than the traditional decoration. Special mention deserves Christmas goat. This is a New Year's character, which performs his role in three countries - Sweden, Norway and Finland.
On the trees in Stockholm can often be seen wooden, like homemade toys, as well as eco-friendly jewelry made of straw. By the way, set the tree in Sweden is accepted not at home but in the yard.
Toys made of wood are very popular in the Nordic countries. Finns often decorate the tree using handmade-toys, as well as flags of different countries and candles.
Traditions of South America
The traditions of South Americans also have their own features. In Mexico, people decorate the house using Christian symbols, depicting the scene of Christ's birth. Instead of the real Christmas tree Mexicans decorate artificial trees or put several fragrant twigs of living spruce in the banks. On the streets, as in many countries with warm climates, evergreen palm are replaced thorny trees.
In Rio de Janeiro is standing one of the biggest trees in the world - the floating tree. It is set on the lake Lago and has a height of 85 meters, and weight - 530 tons. The garland for the tree consists of over 3 million lights that are controlled by the computer. Several years ago this tree in Rio entered the Guinness Book of Records.
In China, instead of trees are used small tangerine or orange tree, and it is decorated with candied fruit, paper lanterns and flowers.
In Japan, due to a shortage of spruce is used dwarf pine. As decorations the people of this country prefer paper, items in the technique of origami, as well as balls from rice flour, painted in different colors. Wealthy people set in their home kadomatsu - a composition made of bamboo, fir branches, berries and algae.
All components of an unusual tree symbolize something: pine - longevity, a bamboo - resistance and so on.
In America, in addition to toys, people hang on the tree the garlands made of edible decorations - beautiful candy wrappers, oranges, cranberries and sugar candies in the form of sticks. It is believed that the confectioner, who first made sweets in the form of the letter "J", wanted to perpetuate the Latin letter that begins the name of Jesus.
The first Christmas tree in Russia was established in the imperial palace, the simple citizens only by hearsay had known about this tradition. The custom of decorating the winter tree came to the Russian people from the German culture and literature in the XIX century. The first public tree was installed in 1852.