8 incredible dragons of cultures and folktales around the world
Of all the legendary and mythical creatures, dragons occupy a special place, and have not lost popularity even in modern pop culture. Quite interesting, but dragons (or at least, being similar to them) appear in many cultures around the world, having no connection to each other. So, let's take a look at ten incredible descriptions of dragons from the cultures and folktales of all times and all peoples.
Kukulcan (the Maya)
Also known as Quetzalcoatl – is one of the supreme gods in Mayan mythology. He was considered to be the god of wind, water, fire and air, the founder of the royal dynasties and major cities. By one of the Mayan beliefs the gods Hurokanom and Kukulcan have created the world. Maya believed that Kukulcan has taught them fishing, invented the writing and the calendar for them, and invented the ceremony. In the end the cult of Kukulcan became a kind of cult of the nobility, in sacrifice to Kukulcan brought only noble young men, and in a very festive atmosphere. Such a large abundance of functions and roles of Kukulcan can be explained by the fact that his cult was extremely ancient. Kukulcan mostly portrayed as feathered serpent with a human head.
Druk - not just a character of the Bhutanese mythology and folktales, it is - the national symbol of Bhutan and he is even depicted on the flag of the State, holding in the paws of a jewel, symbolizing health. In the language of Dzongkha Bhutan called Druk Yul - Land of the Dragons, King of Bhutan, respectively, is called the Druk Gyalpo, the dragon king. During the "training" elections in 2007 that preceded the actual elections into the National Assembly of Bhutan in 2008, all four of the "party" called "Color Party of the Dragon"; each party had a separate color. The name of the national anthem of Bhutan - Druk Tsend - translated as "Kingdom of wholeheartedly Dragon".
This hero of Norse mythology and folktales had once been a man and the son of the sorcerer Hreidmar. Fafnir in a fit of greed killed his father and seized the gold, originally stolen from the gods. For this, he was cursed and turned into a mighty dragon with armored scales which nothing in the world could break. Only Sigurd could destroy this dragon, finding a weak spot on his belly.
Abraxas - gnostic cosmological deity, the supreme god of the Heavens and the aeons, is symbolizing the unity of the world of Time and Space. In the system of Basilides, name of Abraxas has a mystical meaning, since the sum of the numerical values of the seven Greek letters of the word gives 365 - the number of days in a year. Abraxas depicted on ancient Indian, Persian, Egyptian art, on antique gems in the form of a creature with a human body, the head of the cock and snakes instead of legs. In one hand he holds a knife or a whip in the other - a shield on which is inscribed the name of Yah.
Abraxas is usually represented in the folktales with the sign of Ankh and a scepter in a headdress with horns, above which there is a sign of "millions of years" (small human figure with raised hands to the sky). In late antiquity and the Middle Ages the image of the deity was interpreted as follows: Rooster - a symbol of foresight and vigilance, a snake - the internal sense, intuition and insight. It is believed that its origin is obliged to Abraxas - ancient serpent, the dragon.
In Greek mythology and folktales, the dragon that was guarding the entrance into the Delphic oracle till Apollo and his occupation, was considered a son of Gaia. Legend has it that the dragon covered heights of Parnassus with nine rings, or seven times wrapped Delphi. Killing him, Apollo has released either 100 arrows, or 1000 arrows. After the murder Apollo has purified himself in the waters in the Vale of Tempe.
Colchis dragon (Greece)
Colchis dragon - is the famous character in Greek mythology that guarded the Golden Fleece. His own name in most sources does not mention, however, some call it Klhis. According to legend, the dragon was the son of Typhon and Echidna. The dragon was put into sleep using the drugs of Medea; Jason was able to steal the Golden Fleece. Later dragon settled on the island of Phaeacians and was killed by Diomedes.
Dragon – is the fire-breathing dragon, which has several heads, the representative of the evil principle in Russian folktales and epics. Dragon usually lives in the mountains, often nearby fiery rivers and protects "Kalinov Most", which leads into the realm of the dead. Many-headed serpent - is an indispensable feature. Other features of the snake are rarely mentioned or not mentioned at all.
Storsky snakes (Scotland)
This serpent was the most terrible creature in the world. People paled and crossed themselves, barely hearing his name, because he was the worst of the nine plagues that befell mankind. If the earth trembled and the sea water suddenly fell upon the earth - this means Storsky snake yawns. He was so great that only entwining the whole Earth, he could find a place. His breathing was so toxic that it cost him angry breathe out with full force - any living creature was dyeing and die yield. With His forked tongue he was throwing hills and entire villages into the sea, would pick up and racked not only home, but also ships - and all to devour the people that were hiding inside.