The most famous forgers of art
According to the European police, 50% of all works of art that are on the art market today are fakes. This number may seem exaggerated, but the trend is undeniable. A special unit of Scotland Yard in England, which is engaged in counterfeiting and theft of works of art reported: the number of arrests is increasing every year. At the same time increases the number of scandals with a false art, which involved millions of dollars.
Han van Meegeren
Han van Meegeren is one of the most famous art forgers of the 20th century. According to some estimates, on his fakes, he earned more than $ 60 million, adjusted for inflation. Van Meegeren painted his paintings, in imitation of the old masters, and they had been issued as the rare creations of genius.
One of his works even appeared in a collection of Nazi Reichsmarschall Hermann Goering. After winning her found the Americans and wanted to charge Meegeren in collaboration with Nazi, but he was able to prove that the painting is a fake and escaped from the heavy charges.
Elmir de Hori
Into the repertoire of artists who were forged by the Hungarian forger de Hori, were Gauguin, Renoir, Matisse and Modigliani, but first he began to fake Picasso. Curiously, de Hori never was convicted for falsification, and list of forged paintings never was announced. No one knows how much fakes of this Hungarian forger still circulates over the world.
Once the fate of Elmira de Hori was dedicated the film of the famous director Orson Welles, he got his own fame, and some fake paintings of Hungarian master go to auction at a price up to 20 thousand dollars.
Eric Hebborn and Anthony Blunt
Husband and wife is one of Satan. The saying might illustrate one of the most productive in the world pairs of forgers, if not one but. Eric Hebborn and Anthony Blunt were just lovers, but however: Hebborn - famous London restorer Blunt - One of the most famous Soviet spy, Doctor of Art and one of the most authoritative experts of creativity Poussin. Such an ideal professional compatibility could not remain only in the area of high feelings: the first skillfully had created fakes, and the second forger produced an expert reports which were documentary authorship of the old masters.
On hundreds of fakes of Hebborn was caught even the Metropolitan Museum and the chief British Museum, to say nothing about the private collectors. Success has deprived Hebborn due diligence. Once, he had forged paintings of artists of different eras on the same paper. This led to the disclosure of the artist by the curators of Washington National Gallery and the Pierpont Morgan Library in New York. Bench covered by herself; Hebborn had to discover their work, stored in large museum collections, to expose several respected art dealers and experts, and to write a book, "The recognition of counterfeit master."
His notoriety, John was able to wrap up into the benefits. In 1995, he was arrested by Scotland Yard for the creation of about 200 fakes. Artists, which he had forged included Matisse, Picasso, Monet, Renoir. After spending one year in prison, Myatt has signed a contract to make a TV show, in which he shared the secrets of fake paintings.
Family of Grinholsh
In the period from 1989 to 2006, the family Grinholsh (also known as Bolton forgers) sold fake works of art for a total of $ 11 million. The family included Sean Grinholsh, his mother Olive and George father. The most famous of the family work is a fake Egyptian statue, supposedly made in 1350 BC.
It's amazing to imagine that the famous comedian involved in a scandal with fakes, but most likely it is. In 2004, Steve Martin, who was also an avid collector, sold the painting of the German expressionist Heinrich Campendonk. Later it was found that the painting was a fake. One would believe that Steve Martin was just an innocent victim of this scam, if not for the fact that he got rid of a picture for the price of almost two times less than he paid.
Count von Valdshtayn
Sculptures by Alberto Giacometti - it is a separate branch in the global business of counterfeiting and sadness attribution tips. The fact is that one of the greatest masters of the twentieth century has made several copies of each of his works, the exact number of which is unknown. This gives more than an attractive opportunity to discover new and new "masterpieces" of this Swiss master, which are certainly will be willing.
One of the most fresh and sophisticated forgers in the market of modernist sculpture was "Count von Valdshtayn" (aka Lothar Vulfrid Sönke), who came to deal with plainly and emphatically, first came up with the legend that he was acquainted with Giacometti's brother Diego and one in turn, has made fake sculptures of his brother and hided them in the closet at night, saving for a "rainy day." All this is laid out in his book "Revenge of Diego," is available explaining the origin of the work of the author, which fraud. As a result, dozens of "Going» made in China and the company Sönke rescued more than 10 million euros, and now Sönke goes straight to jail.