The most common amulets and talismans: the history of magic equipment
Most people believe in different kinds of amulets and talismans - whether it is happy coin, rabbit's foot, four-leaf clover or something else. Obviously, the scientific evidence of use of amulets or lucky charms does not exist. So if you are still unlucky, do not rush to blame your mascot.
Iron Horseshoe - is one of the oldest and most reliable amulets
The oldest horseshoe from all found, was Etruscan horseshoe - according to various sources, it appeared in the year 400 BC. The first superstitions which are associated with it credited to Northern Europe: Celtic tribes hanged such magic equipment over the entrance to the house, thus fending off the evil spirits that lived in the forests. Horseshoes were made of iron, which also are believed to bring good luck (in folk tales can be found the phrase: "Beware of the weapons of enemies, if it is made of iron").
Horseshoe was a kind of a symbol - crescent of the Celtic god of Moon. Horseshoes were placed either with ends up - collecting fortune, like in a bowl - or with ends down, pouring happiness on everyone who passed beneath it.
In most countries, the number seven is considered lucky - while in China, by contrast, is associated with death
There are a lot of numbers that bring luck, but the most popular of them - Seven. Number 7 has a connection with almost any religion, but especially close to seven are Jews (where this superstition is most likely originated) and the Christians - for which seven is the divine number. This figure is related to the seven steps of Paradise, as well as seven days for which God created our world.
This number is found in several myths around the world. The ancient Egyptians believed in the seven paths leading to heaven. In China Seven is an unlucky number and is associated with death - Chinese consider lucky number eight: in their language it rhymes with the word for prosperity or wealth. But if you are not in China you can freely use number 7 as your personal magic equipment.
Small purse can not only protect the wearer from evil but also didst send evil spells on enemies
This mascot came from the West African voodoo religion and is a pouch that brings good luck. Men wore it around his neck and fastened it to woman's bra and sewed to the wrong side of the shirt. Talisman was designed to bring good luck and ward off evil. In some West African countries it has controlled birth.
The first mascot found in tribes of Mali that had covered it with Islamic verses immediately before or immediately after contact with Muslim missionaries in order to spread their new religion. Depending on the gris-gris contents of a purse can be used as a magic equipment not only white, but also black magic. Most often in the gris-gris can be found herbs with magical properties and the parts of animal bodies.
Frog - is one of the symbols of wealth and prosperity to many people of the world
Known as the "money toad", Jin Chang, or Chan Chu - is a frog with red eyes and three legs, which is sitting on a mountain of coins. Emerged in China thousands of years ago, Jin Chang is a common mascot and traditional magic equipment in Chinese tradition, especially in connection with feng shui, where the toad used to attract wealth, but not so long ago - from the sixteenth or seventeenth century. It can also be linked to the ancient myth of the moon frog, the frog that became the Moon.
It is designed to bring good luck, especially financially, and it can often be found with a coin in the mouth (while the frog without coins can prevent to your well-being). Toad can often be seen together with the figure of Liu Hai wealth deity of Dao.
The famous cat with a raised paw appeared, perhaps as early as the sixteenth century
Mascot name translates as "calling the cat" - a figure of a cat that is waving paw. Created in Japan between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries, Maneki-Neko - is placed in shop windows to attract business success and financial prosperity. In the feet of many of the figures, you can see a coin.
Classical myth tells how devastated businessman met a starving cat. The man had no money, but he has cured an animal, and his business went up the hill after the cat began to sit at his store. Some details of the mascot may vary: for example, a raised left paw means good fortune in money, while the right calls on health. It is traditional Chinese magic equipment and a talisman.
Scary faces of totems are scaring away evil spirits from the boat, but attract tourists
From Portuguese, Carranca translates as "angry" or "frown". Typically, the totem is made of wood on the nose of the boat. The main task of it – is to drive away evil spirits, who can seize the boat or overturn it. Some legends say that sometimes Carranca emits low sound, warning of approaching danger.
Totem first appeared in Brazil on a river San Francisco in the second half of the eighteenth century. Currently, they are hardly used - most of them are sold to the tourists as the magic equipment. They are usually depicted with scary faces, designed to frighten the spirits of the river.