Phoenix - a beautiful legend about immortality
This bird is known for many tales, epics and legends. Does it actually exist or is it just an allegorical image that has no relation to the ornithology?
Phoenix is present in many cultures of the peoples, who, it would seem, is shared not only time but also distance. This bird always in red and gold plumage, is not in vain in the translation of the word means purple.
According to legend mythical bird does not eat any living beings, unlike the rest of its counterparts. She drinks only the dew. As a messenger of the gods, she became an unwitting witness to the expulsion of Adam and Eve from the Garden after they have eaten the forbidden fruit.
Legend of immortality
According to the Jewish Kabbalah, in the Garden of Eden only one creature did not tasted Eve's treats - Phoenix. In gratitude for the fact that he was not tempted, God rewarded him with immortality. But immortality is very doubtful, because before reborn he should burn down.
Christian connects this bird with eternal life. This story becomes more proof that Jesus was indeed resurrected; this is the meaning of the Christian religion, belief in eternal life. This is life symbol which is used universally.
In Greek mythology this bird looks like an eagle with red and golden feathers. For centuries, this creature amazes the imagination of people by using its amazing qualities - rises from the ashes after the self-immolation and lives unusually long. But this bird - it is just a beautiful legend, which exists in several variants.
In the basic version, which has become a classic, with a periodicity of five hundred years, it arrived from India, into the Libyan sun temple located at Heliopolis, and has thrown into the sacred fire the vine, kindled by the chief priest. Wings, impregnated with incense broke out immediately, and the victim has burned in the fire. The new bird rises from the ashes after the three days, thanks to work of the priest and flies to India.
Bird Bennu from Ancient Egypt, which was also looking like a heron, also was reviving after the self-immolation, like the example described above.
Since ancient times, people have sought to immortality, and the bird was the embodiment of that dream. In the ancient world, his image could be found in the heraldry and the sculptures, on stamps and coins. This symbol in poetry and prose is strongly associated with the resurrection of Christ after death.
In ancient China, there was a legend. The mythical bird with a colorful plumage was called Feng Huang; he had the cock's beak and swallow's goiters, coloring dragon and torso tortoise, snake's neck and fish's tail. From the back she looked like a unicorn, and from the front like swan. She lived in the realm of perfect people, hovering over mountains and seas.
The first mention about the bird Feng Huang appeared in the 15th century BC. e. The word "Feng" meant divine wind, and the word "Juan" - bird's crest in the form of the sun with rays, like a trident. This confirms the origin of the "Feng Huang" (sun light). According to some reports, the Phoenix's arrival coincides with the beginning of the rainy season. In China, according to the legend, the bird is responsible for the seasons.
Chinese "Catalog of the seas and the mountains" also contains mention of this miracle. There among the five-colored gold and jade lives a bird on a mountaintop. She sings wonderfully and beautifully dances to the beat of her song. Her wings are marked with symbol "and", which means justice, her chest is marked with symbol "ren" - which means perfection. On the belly emblazoned symbol "blue" - which means honesty. The back is decorated with the symbol "Do" meaning good manners, his head with "de" - virtue. According to ancient legend, in the moment when the bird Feng Huang sees all the Celestial Empire, in the country reign peace and tranquility.
The legend of a revival
The German scientist F. Wolff in his book "On non-human animals" has systematized all the information about this really miracle bird. According to the product of the Wolf, the life expectancy of the Phoenix is 160 years old, it cannot reproduce feathered, but is able to be reborn from its ashes. Mythical creature's head is decorated with a golden crest, and the neck is covered with shiny, pink feathers, the size of this beautiful bird - the Eagle.
With the approach of death, it is building a nest of rare plants and aromatic herbs, which are flammable, such as myrrh, aloe. Once everything is ready, the bird burns herself. After a while, a little bird comes out of the ashes.
Mention of the phoenix in other books
Comes a time, when phoenix carries the ashes to Heliopolis and lays it on the altar. So Ovid described it. According to the book "Physiologist" phoenix is adorned with the crown on the head, and on his feet - the king's boots. This miracle and mythical creation feeds with the Holy Spirit and lives on the Lebanese cedar, for 500 years. On hearing the bell ringing in the day of his death, it turns to ashes which are lying on the altar of the church.