Top 8 Archeological Sensations of 2016
Over the past year and a half archaeologists managed to make many interesting discoveries that have become real scientific sensations. And they are interesting, perhaps, is not only for narrow specialists, but also for a wide range of people too. After all, they can shed light on the still poorly known facts of history of different eras - from ancient times to the Middle Ages.
Our first sensation is this megalithic monument that was discovered last year near the famous Stonehenge, at a depth of six meters below ground. Hence the name. One of the largest in Europe megaliths consists of many huge stones laid out in a straight line. The computer model showed that on Salisbury Plain, likely there are other similar structures, so that Stonehenge is not unique... Most likely they were once connected.
The Lost Fort
After ten years of excavation, were found residues fort Acre that was mentioned in the biblical sources, built over two thousand years ago, by the Greek king Antiochus IV, it was considered lost. Abandoned fort were tried to find for the past more than a hundred years, but until recently - to no avail... Archaeologists found a fragment of the ruins a massive wall, which served as the base of the tower. Experts say that the fortress could simultaneously accommodate about 3 thousand soldiers.
King Arthur's Castle
More recently, in the vicinity of the village of Tintagel, which is located in the English county of Cornwall and is closely linked with the legends of the famous King Arthur, the ruins of the castle of V-VI centuries were found. From the construction of the wall had remained one wall, step ladders and pieces of the floor. Also in this place have been found pieces of ceramic and glass products, and amphora’s, which at that time were transported from the Eastern Mediterranean, wine and olive oil.
Scientists believe that this archeological sensation was part of a large complex, which included a dozen buildings. In other buildings probably had housed craftsmen, the soldiers and servants. In the same castle was the residence of the rulers of the kingdom of the Britons, who at that time was called Dumnonia. This coincides with the expected period of the reign of King Arthur. But the king is still considered to be a mythical figure. This finding in any case is historically valuable, since this is the first discovery of such extensive ruins belonging to the early medieval era...
Artifacts from the tomb of the Prince
In France, was discovered a unique figurine of "Celtic Prince". She was lying in the tomb where was buried the son of one of the Celtic rulers, and was made in the image of the deceased. Also in the tomb were the remains of chariot with two horses, apparently it was recognized to deliver the buried occupant in the afterlife realm. Right there laid a wine pot of Greek or Etruscan works. About one meter in diameter the product had four handles, each of which is decorated with a bronze head of the Greek god Achelous.
Etruscan tomb in Tuscany
On her, chanced upon a local farmer during plowing his field with the plow and suddenly fell into a hole deeper than ten meters ... In the cave were marble sarcophagi containing the ashes of the dead, and in one of them was laying the skeleton of a man, which apparently, belonged to the local nobility. On one of the coffins was a long inscription, which, alas, has not been able to decipher... Experts believe that the tomb belonged to the family of some aristocrats who lived in the nearby Etruscan fortress Couiza. It was another sensation 2016.
Earlier this year in Egypt was found a burial of the VI century BC that has belonged to the chief of the stables of Pharaoh Thutmose. As examination has shown, the deceased suffered heart failure and eventually fell into a lethargic sleep, which was mistaken for death. He was prepared for burial. Obviously, in the mummification process allegedly deceased alive, but painful shock was so great that he immediately died really...Egypt gave us our 6th sensation of 2016.
Ship with old products
At the coasts of Italy it was found the ship - sensation that crashed 250 years ago. Aboard this ship were thousands of cans and other containers in which were a variety of products, the condiments and spices. The most interesting finding was lying in a box pretzel, which, despite the passage of centuries, perfectly preserved - at least in appearance ... According to the experts, sea salt had dried it out, preventing decomposition, and has turned it into a "mummy". In addition, it was found out that the Pretzel landed in the trash, as it was little burnt.
Ancient peach pit
And our last sensation of 2016 is an ancient peach pit. In one of the cities in China close to a bus stop during excavations found peach pit, age of which is more than two million years. It is just a sensation! It turns out that the distant ancestors of modern humans were eating peaches, even before as the first civilization arose...
And bones preserved because they contain huge amounts of calcium. By the way, the bones of modern peach varieties can be stored up to two years. Incidentally, in the same city, was discovered ancient flour that was made more than 12 thousand years ago.