The secret of Tarot cards
Tarot - a deck of cards, which is preserved from ancient times. The deck has not only a spiritual content, but also for a very long time already established itself as a reliable system of divination. The spiritual side of Tarot cards has always been interested members of mystical orders of various lodges, fraternities, and similar secret magic schools who have studied ancient symbols and ancient traditions.
They all have seen in the cards the stages of the mystical path to spiritual enlightenment that is cognition the meaning of existence. In turn, they considered themselves guessing as a child’s game for the "uninitiated". However, these fortune-telling caused, and still causes an interest among the public till this day.
The structure of the Tarot deck of cards
Classical Tarot deck of cards, which is used in the modern world, has acquired its appearance around 1600. The deck of cards contains 78 cards, which must be divided into 2 different parts: 22 Major Arcana, which are sometimes also referred to as "bargaining chips", and 56 Minor Arcana. 56 Minor Arcana, in turn, are divided into four different suits, used in all the simple playing card decks. Suit- is a sign or a symbol that combines several cards into one group or one common row.
The suits of Tarot cards relate to the suits of conventional playing cards in different ways, but there is a comparison of the main decisions: Wands - Clubs, Swords - Peaks Cups - Hearts, Denarii - Diamonds. Each of all 4 suits has actually 14 cards in a row. Ten cards of one row are numbered cards from Ace (1) to the 10, and 4 cards with titles - King, Queen, Knight, and Jack.
Most of the existing deck of these cards has a clear and understandable separation of Major and Minor Arcana. Major Arcana always has a number and a title, Minor Arcana only number or only the name.
The origin of cards
The origin of a deck of cards for a long time lost in the dark ages. It is known only one true fact - in Europe these cards have appeared in the 14th century. Fortunetelling cards spread very quickly in all sectors of the population.
One of the earliest mentions in the history about these cards is the mention of the John the Dominican monk, who lived in Switzerland near Basel, and in 1377 he published an essay entitled “Tractatus de moribus et disciplina humanae conversationis” which actually refers to the first card in the game.
These historical data are taken for the most part from the prohibitive edicts, by which the authorities tried to fight over the spread of Tarot deck of cards. From surviving edicts it is impossible to say exactly what it was forbidden - to play these cards or to do fortune-telling using them.
Many modern scientists believe that such negative reaction of European authorities at that time was mainly because of the idea that a deck of Tarot cards came to Europe from the Muslims, and thus it was a sin and a manifestation of paganism to take them in hands.
There are a number of assumptions and hypotheses to explain the emergence of tarot. The author of the most beautiful hypothesis about the appearance of this deck of cards is P. Christian. In his “History of Magic”, he explains the appearance of these cards with the legend about Ancient Egypt.
According to another legend Tarot cards have clear relationships with the Hebrew state, Kabbalistic teachings and writings, so the starting point of the creation and the emergence of cards need to consider the establishment of the United Jewish State in the 300 A. D.
The legends about the creators of taro are mentioned: the ancient Egyptian priests, Eastern sages, Abbot. Between these characters there is a certain commonality - they all possess a kind of knowledge that is not available to others.
Different Tarot decks
In a deck of cards before 1600, the number of cards was different, as also the content of their names and card numbers. It is only towards the end of the 15th century the deck acquired a modern look and consisted of 78 cards. At the end of the 18th century, another deck of Tarot cards was created. A new deck of cards was created by the famous French occultist Eteylla. The occultist, like his teacher, believed that cards came on the territory of Europe from the Ancient Egypt. Eteylla tried to correct some mistakes in the deck, but later a well-known and experienced as an occultist - Eliphas Levi is completely refuted his correction and returned the original deck of cards, as it was formed in 1600.
New trends appeared only in the 19th century. Arthur Edward Wait, an American by birth, who lived in England and was the leader of the famous magic Order of the Golden Dawn, together with the artist of the same Order created a new deck of Tarot cards. This deck of cards is known by the name of its original publisher and its creator – “Rider-Waite-Tarot”.
It is this deck has gained popularity and became the most famous and most used worldwide. The fact is that prior to this new deck, figures had only the Major Arcana, the Minor Arcana were designated only with numbers. The new deck of Tarot cards, as the Major Arcana and the Minor Arcana are marked with pictures and numbers.
A lot of people do fortune-telling using these cards today or with the help of these cards, and believe in their strength, but also there are a lot of skeptics who simply do not believe in magic, and accordingly do not trust the stories and theories that these cards have some magical powers and supernatural abilities.