Sleepwalking – Are You A Lunatic?
Sleepwalking, somnambulism - there are many names for this state, but the essence is one. A man behaves strangely during sleep.
This phenomenon has been known for several millennia. In the middle Ages, it was associated exclusively with the influence of the moon. And the lunatics themselves were considered insane and even accused of contact with otherworldly forces. But modern science has rehabilitated the "nocturnal revelers", recognizing sleepwalking as a nervous breakdown. Almost 2.5% of people on the globe walk during sleep, talk, shift things from place to place, move furniture. They do it with their eyes open, so it may seem that the person is absolutely adequate. But this is only at first glance. When sleepwalkers exit through a window instead of a door, it becomes clear that their actions are not conscious and are also dangerous.
Why are people walking in a sleep?
For some time scientists believed that the actions of sleepwalkers are associated with dreams, that is, in reality, they do what they are dreaming about at that moment. However, the assumption disproved the results of one study. With the help of electroencephalography - registration of bioelectric activity of the brain - scientists managed to fix the time of "attack". It turned out that somnambulism only occurs when the brain is in a state of half-sleep, half-awake. This phase occurs immediately after falling asleep and lasts approximately 90 minutes. All this time, muscle tone is preserved; the person often turns over from side to side, but most importantly - does not see dreams.
Why are you a lunatic?
Doctors do not doubt the fact that night wanderings have a hereditary predisposition. If both parents are lunatics, then their child will be a lunatic with a probability of about 60%. Somnambulism occurs mainly in children 10-16 years of age and is accompanied by a snoring. In the morning, the main thing is not to focus the child's attention on what happened, but it is necessary to discuss the problem with a clinical psychologist, or even better with a psychotherapist. In 65% of cases, sleepwalking is a consequence of childhood neurosis and increased neuropsychic excitability. As the child grows somnambulism passes independently, but for prevention, it is recommended to take natural sedatives, such as valerian and motherwort.
Complex treatment of this phenomenon is necessary in order that in the future the child's neuroticism and the development of the so-called characteropathy, that is, changes in character, do not occur.
It is also known that serious mental overload causes neurasthenic sleepwalking. It is most common in children and adolescents. This is due to the peculiarity of the bioelectric processes occurring in the cerebral cortex and the active work of the endocrine system, which in turn "strains" the underdeveloped nervous system. As a rule, children's sleepwalking passes by itself.
Adult lunatic is overly emotional person. Usually such people are more often diagnosed with paroxysmal sleepwalking caused by neuroses, fatigue, some forms of epilepsy, as well as a tumor or severe brain trauma. This state can be one-time or repeated regularly. In this case, it is better to seek advice from a neurologist or psychiatrist. If the disease is neurotic, treatment will be directed to restoring sleep and normal functioning of the central nervous system. Most often the problem is solved by 2-3 sessions of psychotherapy and a short course of soothing and hypnotic drugs of plant origin.
When a paroxysmal form is prescribed EEG (electroencephalography) or brain imaging to accurately find out the cause and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
What is dangerous about sleepwalking?
The main danger of sleepwalking is associated with increased injuries. Therefore, if you are a lunatic, at night you need to close the windows, the front door and remove far sharp and beating objects.
Do not awake sleepwalkers during walking, they can be very frightened. It is best to slowly and very quietly bring a person back to bed and lay.
Most medical recommendations for sleepwalkers to date are related only to the creation of an enabling environment for sleep.
What to do if you are a lunatic? First of all, you should pay attention to the regime of the day. It is advisable to go to bed and get up at the same time. After dinner, it is better not to drink exciting nervous system drinks - coffee and strong tea.
Cope with sleep disorders with the help of soothing coniferous-salt baths. The treatment time is not less than 30 minutes, as short baths have an invigorating effect. To sleep, it is useful to drink a cup of valerian or mint tea or take a few drops of Leonurus's tincture.
Although the moonlight does not have any special effect on the body, but like any irritant, a lighted lamp in the room and the light of street lamps disrupts sleep. Therefore, it is better to close the windows densely. Aromatic oils of geranium, chamomile, melissa, sandalwood or ylang-ylang create a good microclimate in the bedroom. They have a calming effect on the nervous system.