What Is A Phobia?
In everyday life people with mental disorders must to limit themselves forcibly in some things. The fear manages them.
We should to divide fear, anxiety and phobia. Yes, in Greek “phobia” denotes “fear, anxiety”. But it's not just the fear.
Fear is an emotional process which aims to protect us from danger. It’s a short-term reaction of the organism and it disappears after removing the danger. The feeling of anxiety also helps us to focus in certain situations. It's mostly irrational and looks like a sixth sense. But pathological anxiety is considered as a deviation, avoidant personality disorder. So, to make a diagnosis of phobia, you need fear to be stable, persistent, which is not based on common sense. Even if some object of the fear represents a little danger or it is not dangerous at all, you will feel panic anyway.
For example, you afraid of spiders or insects in general. Your friends invite you to go to the park. There probably you can see spiders, or not to see. It’s fifty-fifty. If you worry about it but go with friends without problem, it’s a fear. But if you refuse the invitation because there are spiders in the park, that’s a mental disorder. So you should find alternative entertainments. Actually, it’s a not big deal. But it’s a simple example.
The most widespread kinds of phobias: agoraphobia (fear of open spaces), acrophobia (fear of heights), araсhnephobia (fear of spiders), fear of the dark (niktophobia), fear of injections, fear of people (social phobia), fear of public speaking and of course the fear of closed spaces - claustrophobia.
Did you recognize yourself? If not, then you are a lucky guy.
There are also weird disoders: fear of buttons (kumpunophobia), fear of vegetables (lachanophobia), fear of the Pope (papaphobia), fear of beards (pogonophobia), fear of being without mobile phone coverage (nomophobia), fear of navels (omphalophobia), fear of chins (geniophobia), fear of work (ergophobia), fear to have a phobia (phobophobia), etc.
The last one is too ironic, isn’t it?
You can laugh, but such people are really exist. Such fears are unlikely to greatly affect daily life, but clearly bring the share of discomfort.
Even the famous and fearless people are not deprived of this disorder.
Napoleon was afraid of white horses. Also, he was afraid of cats and was not alone in this. The same problem had Julius Caesar, Hitler, Mussolini, Alexander the Great, Nicholas II.
Stalin also had a few phobias: fear of poisoning, fear of air travel and the fear of to go to sleep.
It could sounds strange, but the creator of the famous Eiffel Tower Gustave Eiffel was afraid of heights. And the creator of the most famous Mice in the world Walt Disney was afraid of mices!
George Washington, Frederic Chopin, Nikolai Gogol suffered from taphophobia - the fear of premature burial.
Sigmund Freud was afraid of weapons, ferns and number 62. He also did not like to look directly in the eyes. And that was the cause of the "corporate" way of working with patients, when the patient lies on a couch, and the doctor is sitting behind him.
Fear of numbers also suffers "King of Horror" - Stephen King. Figure 13 horrifies him. He is also afraid to sleep in the dark and flying on airplanes.
Hollywood celebrities are an example to follow for many people but they are prone to fears too.
Johnny Depp is afraid of clowns. Dry pepper makes Megan Fox mad, Brad Pitt is frighten of spiders, Nicole Kidman – of butterflies, etc. The list is very large.
The main problem is that a person is increasingly focused on the discomfort. These disorders can make a really big problem for a man, for his career and social life. At a critical moment you are defenseless and you can be exposed a panic attack. In such cases, you need to visit a specialist.
Symptoms can be emotional and physical:
- increased or rapid heartbeat;
- tremors or trembling;
- difficulty in breathing;
- numbness or tingling;
- feeling of suffocation;
In more difficult cases the person even can lose consciousness. Mostly the person can’t control it. And the first desire is to escape. The fear will become stronger if you are not able to avoid the situation or object that makes you fear. In most cases, the duration of panic attacks vary from 2-3 minutes to half an hour. The frequency of panic attacks also varies. Everything depends on the kind of the phobia and how often do the person face with it.
If you afraid something, you will protect yourself, your organism will fight. But when your body is uncontrolled, you can’t react normally and protect yourself.
The cause of anxiety can be different. Some people get injury in the childhood, some – in adult age. Anyway, the main thing is that it’s an acquired fear and you can treat it.
As far as phobia is a form of mental disorder, respectively, there are methods of dealing with this "disease." One of these methods is a course of psychotherapy.
It doesn’t mean that you are a psycho or the crazy one. Just you must develop the ability to meet face to face with your fear and overcome it. And the specialist can help you to find the cause of your fear.
But a man must decide by himself that he needs to deal with this problem. It must be a voluntary decision. In this case, the treatment will be effective. You can hold private lessons and lessons. Support of the family can be a good help too.
From time to time you can also take special drugs that reduce anxiety and calm the nervous system, relieve stress.