The most unbelievable facts about active volcanoes
Volcanic eruptions are very dangerous because of its direct exposure – a huge release of tons of burning lava that can kill the whole city, and this can come out every second, even while you are reading this post. But lava is not the only problem we can get with the eruption. The suffocating effects of volcanic gases and a tsunami threat, isolation from the sunlight, and climate changes these facts will kill even more than the eruption of the volcano itself. But in fact today there are not a lot of active volcanoes, most of them are so –called sleeping volcanoes that probably will wake up in hundreds of years, so there are actually nothing to be worried about, not only if you live in Japan, Mexico or Italy. But if you are, then for sure you have to read the article below about volcanoes.
Merapi – is actually one of the largest volcanoes on the islands of Indonesia and one of the strongest active volcanoes in the world. This volcano is for sure one of the most active because we can see that it erupt every 7 – 8 years. Every 2 years we can see the small eruption.
At the same time you can see the smoke from the volcano top that appear almost every day. The most famous fact about Merapi is that in 1006 because of its activity seriously affected the whole medieval Javanese-Indian Mataram state. Also we shouldn’t forget that it is located near a large Indonesian city of Yogyakarta with about 400.000 people.
The volcano Sakurajima is in the constant volcanic activity since 1955 and in fact the last eruption took place in early 2009. Before 1914 the volcano was located on a separate island with the same name, but the frozen lava connected the island with the peninsula Osumi. Residents of the city of Kagoshima have become accustomed to the volatile behavior of the volcano, and always ready to take refuge in special shelters.
Last volcanic activity of this active volcano was registered very recently in 2011. The crazy fact is that the ash cloud that appeared because of the eruption spread on the territory 100 km diameters.
From that moment in 2011 till now there were registered about 2500 aftershocks, which indicates that this volcano is one of the active volcanoes and it is ready to erupt. Despite the activity the crater is very popular place for the tourists. In winter, the slopes are covered with snow in the valley and people do skiing and tobogganing.
This is one of the largest active volcanoes in Mexico. The most unbelievable fact is that the capital of Mexico – Mexico City situated just in 50 kilometers from the volcano. Apart from Mexico City, in the neighborhood there are such large cities like Puebla and Tlaxcala de Hikotenkatl.
The Popocatepetl also gives rise to nervous because every month you can see gas emissions, sulfur, dust and stones. During the last 20 years this volcano erupted three times: in the 2000, in the 2005 and in the 2012. Many climbers aspire and try to climb to its top. Volcano Popocatepetl is very famous for the fact that in 1955 it was Ernesto Che Guevara climbed to its top.
This Sicilian volcano is very interesting for the climbers because it has not the only one main wide crater, but also there are many small craters on the slopes. Etna is one of the strongest active volcanoes and it is in the constant activity. You can see it because small eruptions occur with the intervals of several months.
This does not prevent Sicilian people populate on the slopes of this volcano. The active settlement is happening because the presence of minerals and trace elements makes the soil very fertile. The last major eruption of Etna was in May 2011. By the way the fact about Etna is that it is the largest volcano in Italy. This volcano is twice bigger than Vesuvius.
Vesuvius is one of three active volcanoes in Italy, along with Etna and Stromboli. They even jokingly named as “The hot Italian family”. Vesuvius eruption in 79 AD destroyed the city of Pompeii with all the inhabitants, who were buried under layers of lava, pumice and mud.
During one of the last strong eruption, which occurred in 1944 killed about 60 people and the nearby city of San Sebastian and Massa were almost completely destroyed. According to scientists, Vesuvius destroyed the nearby cities already about 80 times.
Mauna Loa, Hawaii, USA
Scientists are keeping an eye on this volcano since 191. On the slopes of the volcano situated the volcanic station, as well as the solar and the atmospheric observatory. The height of this active volcano reaches 4169 meters.
The last strong eruption of Mauna Loa destroyed several villages in 1950. Until 2002 there was almost no seismic activity of the volcano, it was very low until its rise has been registered. This says about the possibility of the eruptions of this one of the strongest active volcanoes in the near future.
It is worth noting that scientists have for many years engaged in the study of volcanic activity and modern technologies are helping to detect the start of seismic activity. Many volcanoes have already installed webcams, with which you can monitor what is happening in the real time with the crater. People living nearby have become accustomed to such behavior of volcanoes and know what to do at the beginning of the eruption, and the emergency services have the means to evacuate local residents. So every year the likelihood of victims of volcanic eruptions is becoming less and less.