Magic of Wicca
Wicca (this name sometimes associated with Witchcraft) - European neo-pagan religion, which is based on the veneration of natural forces, as well as the direction of the same name in magic. Especially popular it became through the works of Gerald Gardner's, who is considered one of the great initiates to this religious and magical current that have passed through the ages and rooted in pre-Christian European paganism (according to one version in magic of the Druids and Druidism), in particular in the ancient cult worship of the Earth and the Great Goddess.
The followers of Wiccan magic usually revered the Goddess and the God, which in turn are considered only as a manifestation of the highest pantheistic Deity. The main features of this magical-religious cult of nature are:
• The use of ritual magic;
• The celebration of the main celebration of the Year;
• Following the principle of free morality.
For a long time did not cease the debates about what is essentially a Wicca. The fact is that originally the name referred to the direction which had been held by Charles Cardella, known around the world as a magical rival of a Gardner. Nevertheless in the 60s using the word “Wicca” began to call the priestly traditions, Gardner's line (also known as Alexandrian), known in the US as Traditional, British.
In the recent years, using the word "Wicca" also became known as various forms of European neo-pagan movements, which in their form are very similar to the original tradition, however, are independent of it, in particular: Dianic, Kokreynovo Craft, Fairy and others.
As already has been written previously one of the hallmarks of this magical-religious cult of nature is the use of magic and witchcraft. Typically, mostly all Wiccan rituals held inside of the sacred circle. The main areas of Wiccan magic are:
• Protective magic;
• Cleansing practices;
• Love magic;
• As well as attraction of good luck and wealth.
Many people that practice Wiccan magic are following to the definition of the word “magic” that was given by the classics of the modern occultism. In particular McGregor Mathers, who defined magic as “the science that manages the secret forces of nature”. The followers of this magic believe that the magic of nature can’t be under control by the laws of the modern science. There are many of these that do not try to understand the principles of magic, but simply rely on personal experience, seeing what works and what does not work.
Classics of Wicca magic of the past, such as Sanders and Valente, considered their magic as a white magic, which is opposing the so-called black magic, which is associated with the Satanism and other evil manifestations. It is worth noting that in modern Wicca is increasingly cease divide the magic on the colors, thus disagreeing that the black color is not associated exclusively with evil.
One of the basic tenets of these modern magic followers is: "If it will harm none, you can do what you want." Some call it a “free moral principle”. However, it is worth noting that one of the fundamental postulates extinguishes: "everything good or bad that you do to others will come back to you three times more." Thus, this postulate, or as it is called the Law of Return three times, requires followers to remain aware of the degree of responsibility for their actions.
Wiccans believe in magic and the ability to influence through witchcraft and magic on people and the other world. Some English-speaking Wiccans use the word magic in the writing as “magick”, although this type of writing due to the occultist A.Crowley is more associated with Thelema than with Wicca. Wiccans cast their spells during the ritual in the sacred circle, trying to bring real changes. Common Wiccans are using spells to treat, to do love spells, wealth spells or the spells of the exemption from negative influences.
Many Wiccans agree with the definition of magic offered by ceremonial magicians. A.Crowley, for example, describes magic as "the art and science to cause changes to entry in accordance with the Will" and Samuel Mathers says that it is "managing the science and the secret forces of nature." Wiccans believe that the laws of nature that are used in this kind of magic are not yet discovered by modern science. Other Wiccans do not try to explain the principles of magic; they just try to see if it is effective, based just on personal experience.
Many Wiccans precursors, such as Alex Sanders and Doreen Valente, attributed their own magic to the "white magic’. As it was said already they considered their magic as opposed to the "black magic", which they had associated with evil and Satanism. However, some modern Wiccans stopped using similar terminology, disagreeing that the black color should be associated only with evil.
Scientists, scholars of religion Rodney Stark and William Bainbridge in 1985 argued that a hasty return to the Wicca magic leads to the secularization of its religion, and such a reaction soon die. This point of view was sharply criticized in 1999 by the historian Ronald Hutton, who claimed that the circumstances prove the opposite and "a large number of (Wiccans) work in advanced science, for example, in the high-tech industry”.